"The application cycle can be disillusioning and not without challenges, not unlike medicine, but remember to be ambitious, surround yourself with good people, work hard and enjoy the moment; you really can do anything."
Medical School: Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Expected Graduation Year: Class of 2023
College & Major: Wake Forest University, Biology, 2018
- Born in Hampton Roads, Dominique was homeless as a toddler. His parents struggled to pay bills and worked numerous jobs during his early childhood.
- At 14, after his mother’s knee surgery, Dominique decided on a career in medicine when he realized how his socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and cultural differences impeded his family’s access to healthcare.
- While at Wake Forest University, Dominique participated in the Wake Forest University Center for Global Programs and Studies work-study program, volunteered for Imprints Cares and incorporated staff and patient interviews into his coursework, and conducted research in Peru, where he developed strong relationships with his supervisors and professors. Dominique also studied abroad formally for a semester in Australia.
Always interested in challenging himself, Dominique took on difficult coursework as an undergraduate at Wake Forest University. Although he initially earned lower grades than expected and had difficulty with some of his science coursework, over time, he was able to demonstrate continuous academic progress. His GPA steadily improved throughout his undergraduate program.
“When we first started meeting, Dominique's academic record was not strong,” said Carole Gibson, Ph.D., Dominique’s pre-health advisor and Director of Health Professions Advising at Wake Forest University. “But he made a plan to retake a semester of organic chemistry that he had not excelled in, and he began to focus more on his coursework.” Not only did he earn an A after retaking Organic Chemistry, but he also raised his GPA and demonstrated his singular commitment to academic success.
“Dominique’s dedication to his studies pushed him to hit his stride academically by the time he reached his most difficult courses as a college senior. He also worked while going to school, showcasing his ability to seamlessly multitask,” said Christian Essman, Senior Admissions Officer at CWRUSOM. (Mr. Essman hosts “All Access: Med School Admissions,” a podcast series to give potential applicants an insider’s perspective into the medical school admissions world. The series is free and open to the public.)
Although academics are a significant component of the total application, Mr. Essman also stressed the importance of considering an applicant’s comprehensive experience in relation to their grades. He shared that during the screening process, “the team made multiple comments as to Dominique's pathway to medicine and some of the obstacles he had to overcome to get where he is today–his distance traveled.”
Born in Hampton Roads, Virginia, Dominique is no stranger to domestic hardship. At two, he became homeless when his parents were unable to find sufficient-enough work opportunities. Dominque was often left at a godparent’s home while his parents took turns working round-the-clock hours at an amusement park. It took months of careful saving, but Dominique’s parents were able to establish stable housing and acquire entry-level positions in the federal government at Fort Eustis in Newport News, Virginia.
When asked about his childhood experiences, Dominique reflected that his parents’ employment with the federal government provided substantial benefits, including medical, dental, and vision insurance. “My parents struggled to pay bills and worked multiple jobs, but these benefits meant doctors’ visits were more affordable and routine.”
As a teenager, Dominique found that his families’ socioeconomic status often made it difficult for his family to access medical care. He shared a pivotal memory when he accompanied his mother for a blood test. She was told she’d need to pay the balance from a recent surgery if she wanted to be seen. To ensure she would be able to have the test done, he paid the balance from the surgery with money earned from a part-time job. “All I could think about, as my mother stood frozen to the spot in anguish, was how much she had sacrificed when my siblings and I were younger,” said Dominque. “She enrolled in college at 40 while holding a full-time position as an IT Director at a regional hospital and a part-time position at Target. She pulled out all the stops to provide for us; by purchasing monthly bus passes to avoid high-priced gasoline, using our church’s Food Pantry ministry, and living on five hours of sleep a night.”
Dominique’s life experiences helped narrow his focus when it came to what to study in college. He shared, “I found that conversations in social sciences shed light on widespread social inequalities, and with my background, I felt a need and a want to advocate for these communities. Ultimately, I found my niche in the Anthropology department. I am inspired to pursue medicine to help patients get to the bottom of their physical pathology alongside the other circumstantial factors that affect their quality of life.”
Dominique also pursued extracurricular experiences, including working in a research lab, volunteering for Imprints Cares, a non-profit that supports early head-start and other childcare education initiatives in Forsyth County, NC, working in health care administration, and participating in the Summer Health Professions Education Program. Dominique volunteered at multiple fundraising and donation events for Imprints Cares after conducting a series of interviews with their staff and patients for an Anthropology course at Wake Forest University. Through these experiences, he demonstrated service orientation, scientific curiosity, dependability, adaptability, and involvement in the medical community.
In his personal statement, Dominique highlighted how poverty and discrimination were major obstacles limiting opportunities for his family. Through navigating these experiences, he learned to cultivate an inclusive environment and position himself as an advocate for minority communities.
“I discussed the intersectionality between the United States’ cultural heterogeneity and its requisite diverse workforce representation in promoting equitable healthcare systems. Inclusiveness and diversity ensure an environment that will practice culturally competent care. Embracing and celebrating workplace diversity will mitigate health disparities in our local and national communities.”
Dominique also discussed how embracing and celebrating workplace diversity would mitigate health disparities throughout local and national communities. He further shared how studying abroad in Peru and Australia informed his understanding of how health systems function.
“Diversity of thought amplifies progress by inspiring creativity and extending boundaries. My childhood struggles to elude poverty, coupled with my commitment to underserved communities and international experience, made me a unique applicant, which I discussed in my personal statement,” he said.
Dr. Gibson discussed how Dominique’s diverse life experiences made him an ideal applicant to medical school. “Dominique’s background made him very understanding of the challenges that others might face; from our advising discussions, I could tell that he has a true commitment to serving underserved populations.”
Mr. Essman explained how Dominique’s application and essay helped the admissions team understand his strength as an applicant and a potential medical student. “Dominique is a very good writer and was able to articulate his interests in medicine in an effective essay response. We learned about his family background, which has shaped who he is today, and the issues he dealt with that helped influence his decision to pursue a career in medicine.”
Letters of Evaluation
Dominique utilized multiple resources in soliciting letters of evaluation and preparing his application. Wake Forest had a health professions committee that was able to help him with crafting his cover letter. He elaborated, “For the four letters, I asked my research principal investigator, with whom I’d had a three-year working relationship, a physician I shadowed for a summer, my work-study supervisor during undergrad, and a professor I had studied under for multiple classes,” said Dominique.
He reflected, “I figured each person would add a unique perspective to strengthen my application. Each individual I asked was able to speak to either my ability to ask a question and be intellectually curious, my empathy for patients during clinical interactions, their willingness to see me as their provider, or my academic abilities.”
In order to prepare for his interview, Dominique researched the schools he was interested in and studied their websites to learn more about of their respective curriculums and unique qualities.
“I tried to formulate a couple of questions about student life, the curriculum, and the environment, for example, and was ready to ask my interviewer(s) if I was unclear about something during interview day,” said Dominique. “I read over my application each time so that I knew what content the interviewer knew about me at the baseline. I also prepared my response in advance to common prompts like ‘tell me about yourself,’ ‘strengths and weaknesses,’ or ‘how would your friends describe you.’”
Based on his application and bolstered by his interview, Mr. Essman and his admissions team felt that Dominique would be a good fit for their entering class. “Dominique demonstrated a capability to teach, learn and share information with his peers, ability to collaborate with others, and expressed a strong interest in pursuing research. He appeared to be a mature young adult with a great deal of self-discipline."
Dominique on Why He Chose Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Dominique chose CWRUSOM because of its mission to train students to be physicians who are astute and aware of the policies that affect patients’ access to care. “CWRUSOM is uniquely positioned in America’s core and prepares its students for successful careers in medicine by providing opportunities to engage with medicine in various ways,” said Dominique.
International education was also an essential factor in his decision making. “The international programs offered at CWRUSOM help develop students into physicians who can innovate and inspire changes,” said Dominique. He added, “the clinical electives are exciting because they offer the chance to exercise classroom knowledge and skills on an international stage. I am given opportunities to manage complex or rare disease, practice clinical skills and operate in a different healthcare system. These experiences will continually impact and inform decisions for future physicians, myself included.”
In addition to international opportunities, CWRUSOM offers programs that expand the healthcare access of local communities, an area of study close to Dominique’s heart.
The medical school also encourages each student to formulate a research question and launch a scientific investigation through their MD Thesis Research Block. This prepares students for their residency, allows engagement with their potential field, and procures a mentor for their educational and professional development. Due to the University’s commitment to research, opportunities are available for students in their first year of medical school. “The University’s commitment to underserved communities, domestic and international, resonates with my ambitions and fuels my desire to learn,” said Dominique.
Why Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Chose Dominique
The CWRUSOM admissions committee chose Dominique because of his diverse life experiences and positive outlook. They were impressed by his maturity, self-awareness, and a willingness to serve and collaborate with others. They also put value in their applicants’ abilities to communicate and express themselves. “Our screening team places a lot of value on the quality of writing and reflectiveness in how an applicant composes their essays and extracurricular explanations,” said Mr. Essman. “Dominique made his story come to life; that helped us connect the dots and led him to initiate an application to medical school, and ultimately had a hand in his acceptance.”
Note: This section helps to illustrate how multiple competencies can be demonstrated across many experiences, activities, and parts of your application.
Demonstrates a desire to help others and sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings; demonstrates a desire to alleviate others’ distress; recognizes and acts on his/her responsibilities to society; locally, nationally, and globally.
Diversity of lived experience and commitment to helping underserved populations by volunteering for Imprints Cares.
Demonstrates knowledge of socio-cultural factors that affect interactions and behaviors; shows an appreciation and respect for multiple dimensions of diversity; recognizes and acts on the obligation to inform one’s own judgment; engages diverse and competing perspectives as a resource for learning, citizenship, and work; recognizes and appropriately addresses bias in themselves and others; interacts effectively with people from diverse backgrounds.
Desire to learn about health systems abroad, completed work-study programs in Peru and Argentina, participated in SHPEP.
Applies knowledge of the scientific process to integrate and synthesize information, solve problems and formulate research questions and hypotheses; is facile in the language of the sciences and uses it to participate in the discourse of science and explain how scientific knowledge is discovered and validated.
Academic coursework, research assistant experience, incorporation of volunteer service through Imprints Cares into his undergraduate coursework.
Effectively conveys information to others using written words and sentences.
Personal statement, writing related to research assignments.
Behaves in an honest and ethical manner; cultivates personal and academic integrity; adheres to ethical principles and follows rules and procedures; resists peer pressure to engage in unethical behavior and encourages others to behave in honest and ethical ways; develops and demonstrates ethical and moral reasoning.
Work experience, diverse life experience, provided community support through volunteer service for Imprints Cares.
Demonstrates tolerance of stressful or changing environments or situations and adapts effectively to them; is persistent, even under difficult situations; recovers from setbacks.
Adjusted to difficult life experiences and move forward to achieve his goals, retaking coursework and working on improving academic record.
Sets goals for continuous improvement and for learning new concepts and skills; engages in reflective practice for improvement; solicits and responds appropriately to feedback.
Re-took coursework and improved his academic record.
Consistently fulfills obligations in a timely and satisfactory manner; takes responsibility for personal actions and performance.
Working part-time-time while taking classes, volunteer service for Imprints Cares.
Uses logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
Professional experience, letters of evaluation, coursework.
Demonstrates an awareness of others’ needs, goals, feelings, and the ways that social and behavioral cues affect peoples’ interactions and behaviors; adjusts behaviors appropriately in response to these cues; treats others with respect.
: Built strong relationships with research and undergraduate faculty, participated in SHPEP.