Graduate Medical Education: Addressing the Doctor Shortage

Residency slots are extremely competitive due to their limited number, and limited federal funding for residency training is one of the reasons.
Two health care workers with female patient in examining room

The federal government, through Medicare, supports its share of the costs associated with training residents. The amount of Medicare support was effectively capped by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, limiting the number of doctors that our nation’s teaching hospitals could train. Legislation providing a modest increase in Medicare support for residency, also known as graduate medical education (GME), has been introduced.

America faces a nationwide physician shortage as demand for health care accelerates because of a growing, diversifying, and aging population. Residency plays a crucial role in preparing physicians like you to meet this increased demand. Establishing a physician workforce able to meet the nation's future health care needs requires adequate investment in GME.

You’re devoting your life to the care of others. Medical schools are enrolling more students to keep up with rising demand for care, and, along with teaching hospitals, are working to innovate and provide a better learning environment for residents and better care for patients. All that’s left is for our nation’s leaders to strengthen the foundation of our medical system and secure support for GME.

Learn more about what the AAMC is doing on GME, including about proposed GME expansion legislation on our Key Issue page.

AAMC Action: Secure the Future of Residency Training

You're doing your part by dedicating your life to the care of others. Medical schools are expanding enrollment to meet the doctor shortage. Now, elected officials in Washington need to step up.

Graduate Medical Education: Training Tomorrow's Physician Workforce

Graduate medical education (GME) is the supervised hands-on training after medical school that all physicians must complete in order to be licensed and practice independently. The length of this training varies but generally lasts at least three to five years for initial specialty training;...

Optimizing Graduate Medical Education (GME)

The AAMC and its member institutions are working on a comprehensive approach to optimizing GME, and focusing on two areas of critical concern:

Graduate Medical Education Primers

A series of motion graphics explaining the relationship between Medicare and GME funding.