Apply Smart: Data to Consider When Applying to Residency

Your likelihood of securing residency training depends on many factors— including the number of residency programs you apply to.

Does submitting one more application always help?

Our researchers suspected that—unlike buying raffle tickets, where the more tickets you buy, the better your chances of winning—additional applications to residency does not necessarily increase chances of getting accepted to a program. We set out to determine if there was a point where the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the likelihood of entry into a residency changes. Or, simply put, a point of diminishing returns. For more information on how we conducted these analyses, please see the research methodology and our overall research conclusions.

As you consider the number of residency programs you apply to, consider the strength of your entire application as well as your personal circumstances. But also note: though it varies by specialty, Step 1 scores, and applicant type, there is a point at which submitting one more application results in a lower rate of return of entering a residency program.

The diminishing returns data—along with other resources—can help determine the best plan for your residency applications.

Special note to DO applicants

Special note to IMG applicants

Select your applicant type from the drop-down menu to reveal the specialty choices. Choose your specialty to reveal the relevant data. In some cases, entrance rates or a point of diminishing returns cannot be reported due to small sample size.





Anesthesiology (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 1,058 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Anesthesiology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Anesthesiology Applicants (Total=1,058)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Anesthesiology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 211

353

114

32%

Step 1 Score 212-229

362

230

64%

Step 1 Score ≥ 230

343

241

70%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Anesthesiology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Anesthesiology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Anesthesiology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Anesthesiology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an Anesthesiology Residency Program for DO Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Anesthesiology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Anesthesiology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥230 (orange line) submitted 35 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 28-41). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 77%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 212-229 (green line) submitted 31 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 25-37). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 69%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤211 (red line) submitted 42 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 23-61). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 49%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Dermatology (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 138 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Dermatology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Dermatology Applicants (Total=138)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Dermatology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 212

46

--

--

Step 1 Score 213-234

46

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 235

46

13

28%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Dermatology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Dermatology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Diagnostic Radiology (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 602 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Diagnostic Radiology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Diagnostic Radiology Applicants (Total=602)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Diagnostic Radiology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 215

202

44

22%

Step 1 Score 216-237

209

125

60%

Step 1 Score ≥ 238

191

136

71%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Diagnostic Radiology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Diagnostic Radiology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Diagnostic Radiology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Diagnostic Radiology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Diagnostic Radiology Residency Program for DO Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Diagnostic Radiology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Diagnostic Radiology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥238 (orange line) submitted 45 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 36-55). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 85%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 216-237 (green line) submitted 37 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 25-48). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 71%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤215 (red line) submitted 18 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 5-31). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 30%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Emergency Medicine (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 1,266 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Emergency Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Emergency Medicine Applicants (Total=1,266)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Emergency Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 210

435

168

39%

Step 1 Score 211-227

409

222

54%

Step 1 Score ≥ 228

422

300

71%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Emergency Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Emergency Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Emergency Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Emergency Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an Emergency Medicine Residency Program for DO Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Emergency Medicine program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Emergency Medicine program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥228 (orange line) submitted 39 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 32-45). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 80%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 211-227 (green line) submitted 36 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 28-44). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 64%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤210 (red line) submitted 39 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 26-52). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 49%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Family Medicine (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 1,571 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Family Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Family Medicine Applicants (Total=1,571)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Family Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 199

533

242

45%

Step 1 Score 200-216

538

315

59%

Step 1 Score ≥ 217

500

293

59%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Family Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Family Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Family Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Family Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Family Medicine Residency Program for DO Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Family Medicine program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Family Medicine program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥217 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (16 applications; confidence band ranging from 12-20). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 69%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 200-216 (green line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (22 applications; confidence band ranging from 12-32). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 73%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤199 (red line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (30 applications; confidence band ranging from 20-40). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 66%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

General Surgery (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 1,063 U.S. DO applicants who applied to General Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates 

General Surgery Applicants (Total=1,063)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered General Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 211

362

63

17%

Step 1 Score 212-229

346

89

26%

Step 1 Score ≥ 230

355

142

40%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered General Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in General Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered General Surgery training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter General Surgery training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Internal Medicine (U.S. DO)

 Included in the study were data from 2,787 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Internal Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Internal Medicine Applicants (Total=2,787)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Internal Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 207

943

358

38%

Step 1 Score 208-225

957

545

57%

Step 1 Score ≥ 226

887

552

62%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Internal Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Internal Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Internal Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Internal Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an Internal Medicine Residency Program for DO Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Internal Medicine program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Internal Medicine program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥226 (orange line) submitted 31 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 26-36). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 69%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 208-225 (green line) submitted 26 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 21-31). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 65%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤207 (red line) submitted 29 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 20-38). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 52%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Internal Medicine - Pediatrics (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 176 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates 

Internal Medicine - Pediatrics Applicants (Total=176)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 206

62

--

--

Step 1 Score 207-221

55

20

36%

Step 1 Score ≥ 222

59

32

54%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Internal Medicine - Pediatrics by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Neurology (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 292 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Neurology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Neurology Applicants (Total=292)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Neurology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 204

97

35

36%

Step 1 Score 205-224

99

47

47%

Step 1 Score ≥ 225

96

66

69%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Neurology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Neurology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Neurology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Neurology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Obstetrics and Gynecology (U.S. DO)

 Included in the study were data from 508 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Obstetrics and Gynecology Applicants (Total=508)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Obstetrics and Gynecology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 207

182

77

42%

Step 1 Score 208-221

159

96

60%

Step 1 Score ≥ 222

167

112

67%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Obstetrics and Gynecology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Obstetrics and Gynecology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Obstetrics and Gynecology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Obstetrics and Gynecology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Program for DO Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Obstetrics and Gynecology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Obstetrics and Gynecology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥222 (orange line) submitted 35 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 29-40). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 77%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 208-221 (green line) submitted 21 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 12-30). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 62%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

The point of diminishing returns for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤207 could not be estimated because of the small sample size and a low base rate of entry into Obstetrics and Gynecology residency programs for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores in this range.

Orthopedic Surgery (U.S. DO)

 Included in the study were data from 195 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Orthopedic Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Orthopedic Surgery Applicants (Total=195)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Orthopedic Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 224

65

--

--

Step 1 Score 225-242

68

23

34%

Step 1 Score ≥ 243

62

15

24%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Orthopedic Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Orthopedic Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Applicants who did not enter Orthopedic Surgery training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Otolaryngology (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 90 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Otolaryngology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Otolaryngology Applicants (Total=90)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Otolaryngology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 219

30

 

 

Step 1 Score 220-238

30

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 239

30

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Otolaryngology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Otolaryngology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Pathology (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 232 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Pathology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Pathology Applicants (Total=232)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Pathology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 205

78

34

44%

Step 1 Score 206-223

76

47

62%

Step 1 Score ≥ 224

78

48

62%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Pathology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Pathology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Pathology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Pathology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Pediatrics (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 920 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Pediatrics training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Pediatrics Applicants (Total=920)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Pediatrics Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 203

312

182

58%

Step 1 Score 204-219

301

217

72%

Step 1 Score ≥ 220

307

219

71%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Pediatrics training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Pediatrics by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Applicants who did not enter Pediatrics training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Pediatrics Residency Program for DO Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Pediatrics program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Pediatrics program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥220 (orange line) submitted 16 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 12-20). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 70%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 204-219 (green line) submitted 18 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 14-22). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 76%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

The point of diminishing returns for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤203 could not be estimated because of the small sample size and a low base rate of entry into Pediatrics residency programs for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores in this range.

Plastic Surgery - Integrated (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 54 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Integrated Plastic Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Integrated Plastic Surgery Applicants (Total=54)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Integrated Plastic Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 208

18

 

 

Step 1 Score 209-225

19

 

 

Step 1 Score ≥ 226

17

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Integrated Plastic Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Integrated Plastic Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Psychiatry (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 453 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Psychiatry training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Psychiatry Applicants (Total=453)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Psychiatry Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 197

151

78

52%

Step 1 Score 198-214

152

92

61%

Step 1 Score ≥ 215

150

104

69%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Psychiatry training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Psychiatry by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Psychiatry training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Psychiatry training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Psychiatry Residency Program for DO Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Psychiatry program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Psychiatry program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥215 (orange line) submitted 35 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 27-43). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 87%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 198-214 (green line) submitted 21 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 14-27). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 56%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤197 (red line) submitted 24 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 14-34). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 63%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Radiation Oncology (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 49 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Radiation Oncology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Radiation Oncology Applicants (Total=49)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Radiation Oncology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 207

16

--

--

Step 1 Score 208-230

16

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 231

17

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Radiation Oncology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Radiation Oncology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Urology (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 92 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Urology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Urology Applicants (Total=92)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Urology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 227

31

--

--

Step 1 Score 228-239

31

11

35%

Step 1 Score ≥ 240

30

18

60%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Urology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Urology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Urology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Urology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Integrated Vascular Surgery (U.S. DO)

Included in the study were data from 48 U.S. DO applicants who applied to Integrated Vascular Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Integrated Vascular Surgery Applicants (Total=48)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Integrated Vascular Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 215

17

--

--

Step 1 Score 216-228

15

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 229

16

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Integrated Vascular Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Integrated Vascular Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Anesthesiology (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 1,390 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Anesthesiology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Anesthesiology Applicants (Total=1,390)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Anesthesiology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 214

472

49

10%

Step 1 Score 215-233

470

101

21%

Step 1 Score ≥ 234

448

146

33%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank. 

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Anesthesiology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Anesthesiology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Anesthesiology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Anesthesiology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Dermatology (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 252 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Dermatology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Dermatology Applicants (Total=252)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Dermatology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 216

86

--

--

Step 1 Score 217-237

83

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 238

83

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Dermatology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Dermatology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Diagnostic Radiology (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 1,201 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Diagnostic Radiology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Diagnostic Radiology Applicants (Total=1,201)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Diagnostic Radiology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 219

406

30

7%

Step 1 Score 220-238

394

80

20%

Step 1 Score ≥ 239

401

134

33%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Diagnostic Radiology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Diagnostic Radiology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Diagnostic Radiology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Diagnostic Radiology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Emergency Medicine (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 921 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Emergency Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Emergency Medicine Applicants (Total=921)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Emergency Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 211

307

28

9%

Step 1 Score 212-230

319

38

12%

Step 1 Score ≥ 231

295

50

17%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Emergency Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Emergency Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Emergency Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Emergency Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Family Medicine (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 9,814 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Family Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Family Medicine Applicants (Total=9,814)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Family Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 207

3,355

319

10%

Step 1 Score 208-224

3,276

410

13%

Step 1 Score ≥ 225

3,183

458

14%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Family Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Family Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Family Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Family Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

 

General Surgery (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 4,350 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to General Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

General Surgery Applicants (Total=4,350)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered General Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 214

1,517

114

8%

Step 1 Score 215-233

1,411

218

15%

Step 1 Score ≥ 234

1,422

437

31%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered General Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in General Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered General Surgery training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter General Surgery training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Internal Medicine (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 18,379 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Internal Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Internal Medicine Applicants (Total=18,379)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Internal Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 217

6,396

1,247

19%

Step 1 Score 218-235

6,048

2,539

42%

Step 1 Score ≥ 236

5,935

3,895

66%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Internal Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Internal Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Internal Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Internal Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Internal Medicine - Pediatrics (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 1,752 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Internal Medicine - Pediatrics Applicants (Total=1,752)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 212

586

--

--

Step 1 Score 213-228

581

14

2%

Step 1 Score ≥ 229

585

20

3%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Internal Medicine - Pediatrics by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Neurology (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 2,501 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Neurology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Neurology Applicants (Total=2,501)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Neurology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 216

847

119

14%

Step 1 Score 217-234

831

191

23%

Step 1 Score ≥ 235

823

286

35%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Neurology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Neurology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Neurology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Neurology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Obstetrics and Gynecology (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 1,190 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Obstetrics and Gynecology Applicants (Total=1,190)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Obstetrics and Gynecology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 209

403

33

8%

Step 1 Score 210-227

398

74

19%

Step 1 Score ≥ 228

389

130

33%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Obstetrics and Gynecology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Obstetrics and Gynecology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Obstetrics and Gynecology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Obstetrics and Gynecology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Orthopedic Surgery (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 251 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Orthopedic Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Orthopedic Surgery Applicants (Total=251)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Orthopedic Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 217

85

--

--

Step 1 Score 218-237

86

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 238

80

10

13%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Orthopedic Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Orthopedic Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Otolaryngology (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 144 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Otolaryngology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Otolaryngology Applicants (Total=144)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Otolaryngology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 220

51

   

Step 1 Score 221-235

46

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 236

47

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Otolaryngology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Otolaryngology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Pathology (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 1,806 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Pathology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Pathology Applicants (Total=1,806)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Pathology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 211

619

79

13%

Step 1 Score 212-229

595

152

26%

Step 1 Score ≥ 230

592

224

38%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Pathology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Pathology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Pathology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Pathology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Pediatrics (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 5,688 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Pediatrics training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Pediatrics Applicants (Total=5,688)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Pediatrics Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 211

1,998

311

16%

Step 1 Score 212-227

1,809

443

24%

Step 1 Score ≥ 228

1,881

670

36%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Pediatrics training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Pediatrics by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Pediatrics training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Pediatrics training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Plastic Surgery - Integrated (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 181 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Integrated Plastic Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Integrated Plastic Surgery Applicants (Total=181)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Integrated Plastic Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 218

60

--

--

Step 1 Score 219-238

62

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 239

59

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Integrated Plastic Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Integrated Plastic Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Psychiatry (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 2,909 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Psychiatry training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Psychiatry Applicants (Total=2,909)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Psychiatry Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 203

1,002

138

14%

Step 1 Score 204-219

946

182

19%

Step 1 Score ≥ 220

961

249

26%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Psychiatry training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Psychiatry by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Psychiatry training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Psychiatry training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Radiation Oncology (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 121 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Radiation Oncology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Radiation Oncology Applicants (Total=121)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Radiation Oncology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 212

42

   

Step 1 Score 213-230

38

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 231

41

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Radiation Oncology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Radiation Oncology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Urology (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 144 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Urology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Urology Applicants (Total=144)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Urology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 213

48

--

--

Step 1 Score 214-237

50

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 238

46

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Urology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Urology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Vascular Surgery - Integrated (Non-U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 189 Non-U.S. IMG applicants who applied to Integrated Vascular Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Integrated Vascular Surgery Applicants (Total=189)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Integrated Vascular Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 217

63

   

Step 1 Score 218-235

65

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 236

61

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Integrated Vascular Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Integrated Vascular Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Anesthesiology (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 2,827 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Anesthesiology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Anesthesiology Applicants (Total=2,827)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Anesthesiology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 206

982

42

4%

Step 1 Score 207-228

935

182

19%

Step 1 Score ≥ 229

910

409

45%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Anesthesiology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Anesthesiology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Anesthesiology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Anesthesiology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Dermatology (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 451 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Dermatology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Dermatology Applicants (Total=451)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Dermatology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 202

153

--

--

Step 1 Score 203-226

149

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 227

149

23

15%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Dermatology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Dermatology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Diagnostic Radiology (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 1,868 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Diagnostic Radiology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Diagnostic Radiology Applicants (Total=1,868)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Diagnostic Radiology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 209

648

43

7%

Step 1 Score 210-232

600

116

19%

Step 1 Score ≥ 233

620

261

42%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Diagnostic Radiology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Diagnostic Radiology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Diagnostic Radiology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Diagnostic Radiology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Emergency Medicine (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 2,412 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Emergency Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Emergency Medicine Applicants (Total=2,412)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Emergency Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 205

846

46

5%

Step 1 Score 206-225

768

112

15%

Step 1 Score ≥ 226

798

277

35%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Emergency Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Emergency Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Emergency Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Emergency Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Family Medicine (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 18,801 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Family Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Family Medicine Applicants (Total=18,801)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Family Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 198

6,717

1,035

15%

Step 1 Score 199-212

5,920

1,445

24%

Step 1 Score ≥ 213

6,164

1,453

24%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Family Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Family Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Family Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Family Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

General Surgery (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 6,738 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to General Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

General Surgery Applicants (Total=6,738)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered General Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 200

2,266

97

4%

Step 1 Score 201-221

2,250

248

11%

Step 1 Score ≥ 222

2,222

644

29%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered General Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in General Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered General Surgery training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter General Surgery training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Internal Medicine (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 22,602 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Internal Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Internal Medicine Applicants (Total=22,602)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Internal Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 217

7,879

970

12%

Step 1 Score 218-235

7,358

2,476

34%

Step 1 Score ≥ 236

7,365

4,462

61%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Internal Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Internal Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Internal Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Internal Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Internal Medicine - Pediatrics (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 1,695 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Internal Medicine - Pediatrics Applicants (Total=1,695)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 203

588

--

--

Step 1 Score 204-222

564

30

5%

Step 1 Score ≥ 223

543

85

16%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Internal Medicine - Pediatrics by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Neurology (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 2,356 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Neurology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Neurology Applicants (Total=2,356)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Neurology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 202

827

84

10%

Step 1 Score 203-221

770

134

17%

Step 1 Score ≥ 222

759

241

32%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Neurology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Neurology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Neurology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Neurology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Obstetrics and Gynecology (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 2,348 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Obstetrics and Gynecology Applicants (Total=2,348)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Obstetrics and Gynecology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 200

827

54

7%

Step 1 Score 201-217

743

133

18%

Step 1 Score ≥ 218

778

295

38%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Obstetrics and Gynecology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Obstetrics and Gynecology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Obstetrics and Gynecology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Obstetrics and Gynecology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Orthopedic Surgery (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 440 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Orthopedic Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Orthopedic Surgery Applicants (Total=440)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Orthopedic Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 213

147

--

--

Step 1 Score 214-236

150

20

13%

Step 1 Score ≥ 237

143

22

15%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Orthopedic Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Orthopedic Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Orthopedic Surgery training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Orthopedic Surgery training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Otolaryngology (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 207 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Otolaryngology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Otolaryngology Applicants (Total=207)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Otolaryngology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 206

70

--

--

Step 1 Score 207-228

68

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 229

69

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Otolaryngology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Otolaryngology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Pathology (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 3,123 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Pathology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Pathology Applicants (Total=3,123)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Pathology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 199

1,105

75

7%

Step 1 Score 200-218

985

162

16%

Step 1 Score ≥ 219

1,033

391

38%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Pathology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Pathology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Pathology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Pathology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Pediatrics (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 6,855 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Pediatrics training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Pediatrics Applicants (Total=6,855)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Pediatrics Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 199

2,356

216

9%

Step 1 Score 200-215

2,237

457

20%

Step 1 Score ≥ 216

2,262

880

39%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Pediatrics training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Pediatrics by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Pediatrics training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Pediatrics training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Plastic Surgery - Integrated (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 219 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Integrated Plastic Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Integrated Plastic Surgery Applicants (Total=219)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Integrated Plastic Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 208

74

--

--

Step 1 Score 209-230

73

   

Step 1 Score ≥ 231

72

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Integrated Plastic Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Integrated Plastic Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Psychiatry (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 6,580 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Psychiatry training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Psychiatry Applicants (Total=6,580)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Psychiatry Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 194

2,197

269

12%

Step 1 Score 195-208

2,281

405

18%

Step 1 Score ≥ 209

2,102

595

28%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Psychiatry training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Psychiatry by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Psychiatry training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Psychiatry training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Radiation Oncology (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 185 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Radiation Oncology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Radiation Oncology Applicants (Total=185)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Radiation Oncology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 206

62

   

Step 1 Score 207-228

61

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 229

62

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Radiation Oncology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Radiation Oncology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Urology (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 149 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Urology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Urology Applicants (Total=149)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Urology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 206

50

--

--

Step 1 Score 207-230

52

10

19%

Step 1 Score ≥ 231

47

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Urology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Urology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Vascular Surgery - Integrated (U.S. IMG)

Included in the study were data from 200 U.S.-IMG applicants who applied to Integrated Vascular Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Integrated Vascular Surgery Applicants (Total=200)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Integrated Vascular Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 212

69

   

Step 1 Score 213-230

64

--

--

Step 1 Score ≥ 231

67

--

--

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Integrated Vascular Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Integrated Vascular Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

Because the number of applicants who entered training in this specialty was less than 10 for multiple Step 1 score terciles, we are not able to report the exact percent or trends for program entrance rates.

Anesthesiology (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 9,416 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Anesthesiology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Anesthesiology Applicants (Total=9,416)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Anesthesiology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 220

3,243

1,722

53%

Step 1 Score 221-236

3,087

2,108

68%

Step 1 Score ≥ 237

3,086

2,019

65%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Anesthesiology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Anesthesiology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Anesthesiology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Anesthesiology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an Anesthesiology Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Anesthesiology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Anesthesiology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥237 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (18 applications; confidence band ranging from 17 to 20). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 70%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 221-236 (gray line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (21 applications; confidence band ranging from 19 to 23). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 69%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤220 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (29 applications; confidence band ranging from 27 to 32). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 69%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Dermatology (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 3,532 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Dermatology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Dermatology Applicants (Total=3,532)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Dermatology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 237

1,246

489

39%

Step 1 Score 238-250

1,136

677

60%

Step 1 Score ≥ 251

1,150

753

65%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Dermatology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Dermatology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Dermatology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Dermatology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Dermatology Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Dematology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Dematology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥251 (orange line) submitted 34 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 28 to 41). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 66%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

The point of diminishing returns for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 238-250 could not be estimated because of the small sample size and a low base rate of entry into Dermatology residency programs for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores in this range.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤237 (purple line) submitted 43 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 34 to 53). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 61%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Diagnostic Radiology (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 6,844 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Diagnostic Radiology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Diagnostic Radiology Applicants (Total=6,844)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Diagnostic Radiology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 229

2,356

996

42%

Step 1 Score 230-244

2,209

1,471

67%

Step 1 Score ≥ 245

2,279

1,601

70%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank. 

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Diagnostic Radiology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Diagnostic Radiology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Diagnostic Radiology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Diagnostic Radiology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Diagnostic Radiology Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Diagnostic Radiology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Diagnostic Radiology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥245 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (20 applications; confidence band ranging from 16 to 24). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 64%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 230-244 (gray line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (23 applications; confidence band ranging from 17 to 29). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 64%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤229 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (37 applications; confidence band ranging from 33 to 41). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 57%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Emergency Medicine (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 11,068 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Emergency Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Emergency Medicine Applicants (Total=11,068)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Emergency Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 220

3,775

2,606

69%

Step 1 Score 221-237

3,830

3,299

86%

Step 1 Score ≥ 238

3,463

3,040

88%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Emergency Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Emergency Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Emergency Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Emergency Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an Emergency Medicine Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Emergency Medicine program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Emergency Medicine program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥238 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (23 applications; confidence band ranging from 22 to 24). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 86%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 221-237 (gray line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (23 applications; confidence band ranging from 22 to 25). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 82%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤220 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (32 applications; confidence band ranging from 29 to 34). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 72%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Family Medicine (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 13,345 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Family Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Family Medicine Applicants (Total=13,345)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Family Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 205

4,692

2,835

60%

Step 1 Score 206-222

4,331

3,100

72%

Step 1 Score ≥ 223

4,322

3,318

77%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Family Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Family Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Family Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Family Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Family Medicine Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Family Medicine program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Family Medicine program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥223 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (14 applications; confidence band ranging from 13 to 15). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 80%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 206-222 (gray line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (17 applications; confidence band ranging from 16 to 18). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 80%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤205 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (19 applications; confidence band ranging from 18 to 21). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 61%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

General Surgery (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 15,131 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to General Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

General Surgery Applicants (Total=15,131)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered General Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 220

5,097

2,543

50%

Step 1 Score 221-238

5,118

3,288

64%

Step 1 Score ≥ 239

4,916

2,879

59%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered General Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in General Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered General Surgery training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter General Surgery training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an General Surgery Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a General Surgery program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a General Surgery program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥239 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (36 applications; confidence band ranging from 34 to 39). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 80%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 221-238 (gray line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (37 applications; confidence band ranging from 35 to 40). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 82%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤220 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (49 applications; confidence band ranging from 46 to 53). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 71%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Internal Medicine (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 28,068 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Internal Medicine training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Internal Medicine Applicants (Total=28,068)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Internal Medicine Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 219

9,729

6,480

67%

Step 1 Score 220-238

9,235

7,526

81%

Step 1 Score ≥ 239

9,104

7,515

83%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Internal Medicine training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Internal Medicine by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Internal Medicine training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Internal Medicine training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an Internal Medicine Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Internal Medicine program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Internal Medicine program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥239 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (15 applications; confidence band ranging from 14 to 16). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 83%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 220-238 (gray line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (20 applications; confidence band ranging from 19 to 21). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 85%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤219 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (30 applications; confidence band ranging from 29 to 31). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 82%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Internal Medicine - Pediatrics (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 2,661 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Internal Medicine - Pediatrics Applicants (Total=2,661)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 219

895

424

47%

Step 1 Score 220-238

912

708

78%

Step 1 Score ≥ 239

854

697

82%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Internal Medicine - Pediatrics by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Internal Medicine - Pediatrics training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

raph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an Internal Medicine - Pediatrics Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Internal Medicine - Pediatrics program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Internal Medicine - Pediatrics program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥239 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (15 applications; confidence band ranging from 13 to 17). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 81%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 220-238 (gray line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (16 applications; confidence band ranging from 13 to 18). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 74%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤219 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (27 applications; confidence band ranging from 24 to 30). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 74%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Neurology (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 3,186 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Neurology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Neurology Applicants (Total=3,186)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Neurology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 217

1,108

585

53%

Step 1 Score 218-236

1,073

703

66%

Step 1 Score ≥ 237

1,005

673

67%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Neurology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Neurology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Neurology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Neurology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Neurology Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Neurology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Neurology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥237 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (10 applications; confidence band ranging from 8 to 11). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 61%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 218-236 (gray line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (14 applications; confidence band ranging from 12 to 16). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 71%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤217 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (18 applications; confidence band ranging from 15 to 20). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 65%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Obstetrics and Gynecology (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 7,137 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Obstetrics and Gynecology Applicants (Total=7,137)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Obstetrics and Gynecology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 215

2,501

1,792

72%

Step 1 Score 216-232

2,333

2,016

86%

Step 1 Score ≥ 233

2,303

2,094

91%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Obstetrics and Gynecology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Obstetrics and Gynecology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.
In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Obstetrics and Gynecology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Obstetrics and Gynecology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Obstetrics and Gynecology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Obstetrics and Gynecology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥233 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (15 applications; confidence band ranging from 13 to 16). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 83%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 216-232 (gray line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (16 applications; confidence band ranging from 13 to 19). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 73%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤215 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (28 applications; confidence band ranging from 25 to 31). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 84%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Orthopedic Surgery (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 5,597 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Orthopedic Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Orthopedic Surgery Applicants (Total=5,597)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Orthopedic Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 235

1,865

998

54%

Step 1 Score 236-248

1,903

1,470

77%

Step 1 Score ≥ 249

1,829

1,577

86%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Orthopedic Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Orthopedic Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Orthopedic Surgery training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Orthopedic Surgery training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an Orthopedic Surgery Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Orthopedic Surgery program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Orthopedic Surgery program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥249 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (37 applications; confidence band ranging from 32 to 42). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 80%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 236-248 (gray line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (39 applications; confidence band ranging from 32 to 45). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 80%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤235 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (58 applications; confidence band ranging from 48 to 67). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 61%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Otolaryngology (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 2,567 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Otolaryngology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Otolaryngology Applicants (Total=2,567)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Otolaryngology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 238

856

367

43%

Step 1 Score 239-250

886

648

73%

Step 1 Score ≥ 251

825

672

81%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Otolaryngology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Otolaryngology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Otolaryngology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Otolaryngology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering an Otolaryngology Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Otolaryngology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Otolaryngology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥251 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (33 applications; confidence band ranging from 25 to 41). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 77%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 239-250 (gray line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (45 applications; confidence band ranging from 38 to 53). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 79%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤238 (purple line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (40 applications; confidence band ranging from 24 to 56). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 58%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Pathology (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 2,525 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Pathology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Pathology Applicants (Total=2,525)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Pathology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 215

870

387

44%

Step 1 Score 216-236

834

532

64%

Step 1 Score ≥ 237

821

575

70%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Pathology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Pathology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Pathology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Pathology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Pathology Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Pathology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Pathology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥237 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (14 applications; confidence band ranging from 12 to 16). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 79%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 216-236 (gray line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (19 applications; confidence band ranging from 16 to 21). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 74%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤215 (purple line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (17 applications; confidence band ranging from 14 to 20). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 74%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Pediatrics (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 14,263 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Pediatrics training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Pediatrics Applicants (Total=14,263)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Pediatrics Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 215

4,836

3,679

76%

Step 1 Score 216-234

4,914

4,198

85%

Step 1 Score ≥ 235

4,513

3,828

85%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Pediatrics training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Pediatrics by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Pediatrics training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Pediatrics training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Pediatrics Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

]

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Pediatrics program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Pediatrics program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.
The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥235 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (13 applications; confidence band ranging from 13 to 14). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 86%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 216-234 (gray line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (15 applications; confidence band ranging from 14 to 15). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 85%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤215 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (22 applications; confidence band ranging from 21 to 23). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 80%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Plastic Surgery - Integrated (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 1,619 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Integrated Plastic Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Integrated Plastic Surgery Applicants (Total=1,619)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Integrated Plastic Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 233

544

106

19%

Step 1 Score 234-249

564

303

54%

Step 1 Score ≥ 250

511

336

66%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Integrated Plastic Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Integrated Plastic Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Integrated Plastic Surgery training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Integrated Plastic Surgery training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Plastic Surgery - Integrated Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Integrated Plastic Surgery program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Integrated Plastic Surgery program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥250 (orange line) submitted 27 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 18 to 35). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 65%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 234-249 (gray line) submitted 29 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 21 to 37). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 74%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

The point of diminishing returns for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤233 could not be estimated because of the small sample size and a low base rate of entry into Integrated Plastic Surgery residency programs for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores in this range.

Psychiatry (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 6,254 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Psychiatry training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Psychiatry Applicants (Total=6,254)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Psychiatry Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 207

2,100

1,393

66%

Step 1 Score 208-226

2,078

1,594

77%

Step 1 Score ≥ 227

2,076

1,673

81%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Psychiatry training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Psychiatry by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Psychiatry training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Psychiatry training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Psychiatry Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Psychiatry program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Psychiatry program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥227 (orange line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (14 applications; confidence band ranging from 13 to 15). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 86%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 208-226 (gray line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (15 applications; confidence band ranging from 13 to 16). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 76%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤207 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (21 applications; confidence band ranging from 19 to 23). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 70%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Radiation Oncology (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 1,565 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Radiation Oncology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Radiation Oncology Applicants (Total=1,565)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Radiation Oncology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 234

527

224

43%

Step 1 Score 235-248

532

318

60%

Step 1 Score ≥ 249

506

312

62%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Radiation Oncology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Radiation Oncology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Radiation Oncology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Radiation Oncology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Radiation Oncology Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Radiation Oncology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Radiation Oncology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥249 (orange line) submitted 22 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 16 to 28). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 68%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 235-248 (gray line) submitted 32 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 27 to 37). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 73%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

The point of diminishing returns for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤234 could not be estimated because of the small sample size and a low base rate of entry into Radiation Oncology residency programs for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores in this range.

Urology (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 2,094 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Urology training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2016 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Urology Applicants (Total=2,094)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Urology Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 235

710

347

49%

Step 1 Score 236-247

703

419

60%

Step 1 Score ≥ 248

681

442

65%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Urology training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Urology by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Urology training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Urology training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Urology Oncology Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering a Urology program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering a Urology program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥248 (orange line) submitted 21 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 11 to 31). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 72%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

The point of diminishing returns for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 236-247 could not be estimated because of the small sample size and a low base rate of entry into Urology residency programs for applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores in this range.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤235 (purple line) submitted 34 applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (confidence band ranging from 25 to 44). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 46%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Vascular Surgery - Integrated (U.S. MD)

Included in the study were data from 677 U.S.-MD applicants who applied to Integrated Vascular Surgery training programs in ERAS® between 2012 and 2017 and who have scores for the USMLE Step 1 exam.

Specialty Entrance Rates

Integrated Vascular Surgery Applicants (Total=677)

Number of Applicants

Applicants who Entered Integrated Vascular Surgery Training

USMLE Step 1 Score

 

Number

Percent

Step 1 Score ≤ 222

231

48

21%

Step 1 Score 223-239

238

109

46%

Step 1 Score ≥ 240

208

103

50%

*Note, If the number of applicants who enter a program is less than 10, the exact number or percent is not reported has been replaced with a double dash. If the number is 0, the space is blank.

Understanding the table

This table shows the total number of applicants who applied and entered Integrated Vascular Surgery training, and the percentage of applicants who entered training in Integrated Vascular Surgery by Step 1 score ranges. Please note that program entrance rate refers to the number of applicants who ultimately entered training in this specialty, not the match or acceptance rate.

In general, the proportion of applicants who entered Integrated Vascular Surgery training increases as Step 1 Score increases. Applicants who did not enter Integrated Vascular Surgery training may have entered training in another specialty or not entered training in any specialty.

Graph: Point of Diminishing Returns for Entering a Vascular Surgery - Integrated Residency Program for U.S. MD Applicants

Understanding the figure

This figure shows the relationship between the number of applications submitted and the predicted probability of entering an Integrated Vascular Surgery program by USMLE Step 1 score. The x-axis shows the number of applications submitted. The y-axis shows the predicted probability of entering an Integrated Vascular Surgery program. Each line represents a group of applicants with a given range of USMLE Step 1 scores.

The point of diminishing returns is an estimate and is not precise. It is best interpreted in the context of a confidence band, which is shown by the shading around the vertical lines. The width of the confidence band (shading) describes the precision of the estimate, with wider bands indicating less precision.

What the findings tell us

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≥240 (orange line) submitted more applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (20 applications; confidence band ranging from 12 to 29). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 72%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ranging from 223-239 (gray line) submitted fewer applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (18 applications; confidence band ranging from 14 to 23). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 68%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.

Applicants with USMLE Step 1 scores ≤222 (purple line) submitted the highest number of applications before reaching the point of diminishing returns (23 applications; confidence band ranging from 16 to 29). The likelihood of entering a residency program at this point is 62%. The addition of one application beyond this point results in a lower rate of return on an applicant’s likelihood of entering a residency program.





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